This is the simplest form of a flow control valve. The globe valve gets its name from the disk element ‘globe’ that presses against the valve seat to close the valve.
A simplified view of a globe valve has been illustrated in Figure 6.29.
The fluid flow through the valve is at right angles to the direction of flow in pipes. When this valve is opened, the entire surface of the globe moves away from the valve seat at once. Due to this action, a globe valve provides an excellent means of throttling the flow. In a hydraulic system, the globe valve can be operated either manually by means of a hand wheel or mechanically by means of an actuator.